The Hamam: Temple for body and soul
Water is not just for washing in the hamam, it is not only also for the body clean, but also the soul and the spirit to learn a certain clarity ...
An indescribably beautiful experience that you absolutely love to learn on their own in order to understand them, is a day in a hamam. The visitor can be in the locker room cabin with-the-pestemal, a bath towel wrap, made from cotton or silk is woven. Only with the Pestemal around the hips go in-sicaklik, the (hot)-bathroom. This opens the door to relax with water, steam and soap. Everyday worries, stress and bustle have no chance by the steam here add sneak. For endlessly flowing warm water at-Kurna, a small marble basin, plunges you into a sea of mental and physical relaxation. The body is maintained with one-Tas, a copper bowl with water, watered, so that you begin to sweat. If the skin very soft and swollen, creates one-on-Göbektasi, the navel stone, which is the middle of the pool and a large marble surface is warm. Here the rub-Tellak, staff, with one-Kese, a hard, the whole cloth coarse woven body, so that the skin downright Scratch off completed and is well supplied. Then comes a soap wash with a hard massage and it feels like reborn.
The hammam has in the Turkish culture a very special place. Even in the Turkish language, there are sayings like-Hamama giren terler-(Who goes into a hamam, sweat) or Kadinlar hamamina dönmek-(like a women Hamam, very loud gossip) and also Hamam gibi, which means That it is as hot as in a hamam. Hamam was an earlier visit in any season, especially for the woman, a very special event. It was an opportunity to escape the everyday, we maintained and had fun. Already in the early morning hours of the day began to visit the hamam, after being with friends and neighbors had agreed. Only at sunset, it was back home. Food was brought course. Especially a few days previously-prepared Zeytinyagli Dolma, a Vine leaves wrapped Rice, which is cooked in olive oil, Tursu, pickles and Börek, pastry dough from thin layers, were eaten, and this was Serbet, homemade fruit juice, drunk. The most beautiful in a hamam visit was of course always the gossip.
Hamams often have two separate wings, the women's wing with the entrance to a side street, and the Maennertrakt with the entrance to the main road. Some Hamams are also used by men and women alternately used. Colored scarves at the entrance to characterize whether men or women's in the hamam is.
Even the-Hamambohcasi, the bundle in which the objects were taken to the hamam, belongs to Hamamtradition. The following things had their place is: clean laundry, Pestemal, comb, soap, jewelry boxes, towels, Tas, henna, Rastık (eyebrows up), Sürme (eyelids Schminke), rose fragrance and Nalin (slippers), which are high sandals, often made of wood, the faculty before Bodennaesse protect.
The hammam has also made some important traditions of central importance: It was eg the "Gelin Hamami" (bride Hamam) held, where all friends of the bride and groom were invited. It was sung and celebrated. The bride was washed three times run around the Göbektasi. In the marble basin were diamonds, gold, money and Nigella thrown. With this water was the bride and watered three times around her small dispersed. It was believed that this ceremony brings happiness. The other young girls gathered at the small, so they also for their own future bring happiness.
The puerperal Hamam was the 40th Day after birth in the bazaar organized Hamam. The ceremony was similar to that of the bride bath. The baby was with fresh duck's egg coated mother and a very wide belt tied around the abdomen, the unwinding of the uterus should encourage.
Even today there is a custom in Anatolia, if a vow or a promise, with a major rumble connected, is fulfilled, will be a celebration in the Hamam arranged and paid for by the person whose vow has been fulfilled. In the Turkish hospitality is known also the custom to invite guests into the hamam.
After the Turks in Istanbul in 1453 had conquered, they built many Hamams. In the 17th Century, there were 168 central Istanbul Hamams. Today, the Galatasaray Hamami, in 1741, built Cagaloglu Hamami and Cemberlitas Hamami of the best known. The Cemberlitas Hamami was in 1584 by the Foundation of Just-u Banu Sultan, the mother of Sultan Murat III. and wife of Sultan Selim II was built. The Cemberlitas bath is open 365 days a year, from the early orgenstunden until midnight (6:00-24:00) and has one men and one ladies bathroom, according to the plans of the legendary Turkish architect Sinan was built, is one of the greatest examples of Ottoman architecture of the 16th Century.
After the hamam, when you are visiting in the bath tub at your home you will never be so pure and clean as you feel it in the hamam have experienced.